Perinteiset ruukkupuulajit

Loikkaa: valikkoon, hakuun

Oheinen listaus perinteisistä ruukkupuista on pelastettu aikaisemmalta bonsai-kasvatusta käsitelleeltä saitilta.[1]

AL = Living Art of Bonsai - Amy Liang (pictures only, no cultural info)

HG = Miniature Bonsai - Herb Gustafson (Plants from his species care guidelines are marked HG, plants from his recommended list for miniatures are marked HGMB, plants pictured and discussed in the text, but not listed, are marked with HG and pg. number. When possible, I tried to divide these appropriately between bonsai and accent plants, but due to my unfamiliarity with non-tree species, some accent plants may have ended up on the bonsai list.)

GO = Bonsai Identifier - Gordon Owen

HT = Complete Book of Bonsai - Harry Tomlinson

IB = International Bonsai (Slowly but surely, I've started going through back issues. There's no way I could make a comprehensive index here, but I will list references to species I haven't seen anywhere else.)

IRS = Creative Art of Bonsai - Isabelle and Remy Samson

JA = Art of Indoor Bonsai - John Ainsworth

KM = Four Seasons of Bonsai - Kyuzo Murata

PL = Bonsai in Your Home - Paul Lesniewicz

RAB = mentioned on rec.arts.bonsai as potentially good material

SBR = Bonsai: in Cooperation with the Brooklyn Botanical Garden - Susan M. Bachenheimer Resnick

SS = Simon & Schuster's Guide to Bonsai

TS = Tom Simmons' webpage. He has an extensive listing of basic care information. Although a good number of the trees listed here previously are also covered there, for the sake of brevity, I have added references only to trees not found in other sources. Tom's page can be found at

Additional information on common names for tree and shrub species taken from the Hearst Garden Guide to Trees and Shrubs and American Nature Guides: Trees

Abelia sp. (HG)

Abelia x 'Edward Goucher'

Abies sp.: fir (HG) (GO)

Abies alba: silver fir (HT)

Abies amabilis: Pacific silver fir, cascade fir (HGMB)

Abies balsamea 'Nana': dwarf balsam fir, soapbubble tree (HGMB)

Abies concolor: white fir, silver fir, Colorado fir (SBR)

Abies firma: Momi fir, Japanese fir (SBR) (GO)

Abies grandis: grand fir, giant fir (RAB)

Abies homolepis: Nikko fir (SBR)

Abies koreana: Korean fir (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Abies koreana 'Compact dwarf': dwarf Korean fir (HT) (GO)

Abies lasiocarpa: Alpine fir, Rocky Mountain fir (HT) (HGMB)

Abies lasiocarpa arizonica: cork fir (HT)

Abies lasiocarpa arizonica 'Compacta': dwarf cork fir (HT)

Abies nebrodensis: Nebrodi silver fir (SS)

Abies procera: noble fir (RAB)

Abies sachalinensis: Sakhalin fir (SBR) (GO)

Abutilon megapotamicum 'Variegatum': flowering maple (RAB)

Abutilon pictum 'Tangerine Dream': flowering maple (RAB)

Abutilon pictum 'Thompsonii': flowering maple (RAB)

Acacia sp. (SS) (HG)

Acacia baileyana: Cootamundra wattle, golden mimosa (PL) (HGMB)

Acacia cavenia (PL)

Acacia choriphylla: tamarindillo (RAB)

Acacia dealbata: silver wattle, mimosa (JA)

Acacia farnesiana: golden mimosa, popinac, sweet acacia (PL)

Acacia koa: Hawaiian warrior wood (RAB)

Acacia karroo (PL)

Acacia pinetorium: pine acacia (RAB)

Acacia smallii: Small's acacia, Texas huisache

Acacia spectablis (PL)

Acacia tortuosa: twisted acacia (RAB)

Acacia verticillata (PL)

Acacia wrightii: Wright's acacia, Wright's catclaw, uno de gato (RAB)

Acer sp.: maple (HG) (GO)

Acer aureum 'Shirawassum': Shirawassum Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer buergerianum (also called a. trifidum): trident maple (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Acer buergerianum var. formosanum: Taiwan trident maple, Formosan trident maple (AL) (HT)

Acer buergeranium 'Mino Yatsubusa': dwarf trident maple (HT)

Acer campestre: field maple, hedge maple (SS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Acer campestre 'Compacta': compact hedge maple (HGMB)

Acer capillipes: Japanese red maple (TS)

Acer circinatum: vine maple (SBR) (HGMB)

Acer cissifolium: ivy-leaved maple (TS)

Acer davidii: snake bark maple, Pere David's maple (HT)

Acer formosum: Japanese red maple (AL)

Acer ginnala: Amur maple (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Acer glabrum: Rocky Mountain maple (TS)

Acer grandidentatum: bigtooth maple (TS)

Acer griseum: paperbark maple (HGMB)

Acer japonicum: full moon maple (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium': laceleaf full-moon maple (HGMB)

Acer japonicum 'Aureum': golden full-moon maple (HGMB)

Acer macrophyllum: bigleaf maple, Oregon maple (TS)

Acer maximowiczanum: Nikko maple (TS)

Acer monspessulanum: Montpelier maple (SS)

Acer negundo: boxelder (RAB)

Acer oblongum: evergreen maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum: Japanese maple (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Acer palmatum 'Arakawa': Arakawa maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Asahi zuru': Japanese maple (IRS)

Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum': Atropurpureum maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum aureum: Japanese maple (IRS)

Acer palmatum 'Beni Chidori': Beni Chidori Japanese Maple (IB #1, 1994, p.27)

Acer palmatum 'Beni Hime': Beni Hime Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Beni Komachi': Beni Komachi maple (IB #3, 1993, p.26)

Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood': Japanese Bloodgood maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Butterfly': Japanese Butterfly maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Chishio': Japanese red maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Chizome'; Japanese 'Chizome' maple (KM)

Acer palmatum 'Coonara Pygmy': Coonara Pygmy maple (IB #3, 1993, p.26)

Acer palmatum 'Deshojo': Japanese maple (AL) (IRS) (HT) (KM)

Acer palmatum dissectum: cut leaf Japanese maple (HT) (SBR)

Acer palmatum dissectum atropurpureum: Japanese maple, cut leaf purple maple (IRS) (HT)

Acer palmatum dissectum atropurpureum 'Inaba shidare': cut leaf purple maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Ever Red': red Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Garnet' (RAB)

Acer palmatum 'Iroha': Iroha maple (KM)

Acer palmatum "Kagiri Nishiki': Japanese 'Kagiri Nishiki' maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Kamagata': Kamagata maple (IB #3, 1993, p.26)

Acer palmatum 'Kashima': Japanese 'Kashima' maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Katsura': Japanese 'Katsura' maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Kiyohime': Japanese 'Kiyohime' maple (HT) (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Kotohime': Japanese 'Kotohime' maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Koshimino': dwarf Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Linearilobum': thread-leaf Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Masukagami': Masukagami Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Matsumurae' (RAB)

Acer palmatum 'Mikawa Yatsubusa': Mikawa Yatsubusa maple (IB #3, 1993, p.26)

Acer palmatum 'Nishiki gawa': pine bark maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Omato': Omato Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Orangeola': Orangeola Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Ornatum' (RAB)

Acer palmatum 'Red Fillagree Lace' (RAB)

Acer palmatum rubrum: Japanese maple (IRS)

Acer palmatum 'Ruby Lace': Ruby-lace Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Sango Kaku': 'Sango Kaku' maple, coral-barked maple (HT) (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Sanguineum': Sanguineum Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Seki Mori': Seki Mori Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum seigen: Japanese maple, Japanese red maple (IRS) (HT) (KM)

Acer palmatum 'Shigitatsu Sawa': Japanese 'Shigitatsu Sawa' maple (HT) (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Shigure Bato': Shigure Bato Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Shishigashira': dwarf crinkled-leaved maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum'Suminagashi': Suminagashi Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum tamahime: Japanese maple (IRS)

Acer palmatum 'Ukigomo': Japanese maple 'Ukigomo' (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Ukon': Ukon maple (HT)

Acer palmatum 'Villa taranto': Villa taranto Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Viride': Viride Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum 'Waterfall': Waterfall Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer palmatum cv. 'Yatsubusa': Yatsubusa maple (KM)

Acer paxii: lobed evergreen maple (HGMB)

Acer pensylvanicum: striped maple (TS)

Acer platanoides: Norway maple (TS)

Acer pseudoplatanus: sycamore, planetree maple (SS)

Acer rubrum: red maple (SBR) (HGMB)

Acer saccharum: sugar maple (RAB)

Acer saccharum grandidentatum: Rocky Mountain maple (HGMB)

Acer saccharum leucodermum: chalkbark maple (RAB)

Acer sieboldianum: Siebold maple (TS)

Acer spicatum: mountain maple (TS)

Acer tataricum: Tatarian maple (HGMB)

Acer tegmentosum: Manchu-striped maple (TS)

Acer tenuifolium: Hinauchiwa-kaede maple (KM)

Acer trifidum (also called a. buergerianum): trident maple (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT)

Acer triflorum: Japanese maple (HGMB)

Acer truncatum:Shantung maple, Chinese maple (RAB) (HGMB)

Achras sp. (HG)

Achras emarginata (also called Manilkara bahamanansis, Mimusops emarginata): (RAB)

Achras zapota (also called Manilkara zapota): sapodilla, nispero, naseberry, dilly plant (RAB) (PL p.76)

Adenium sp. (HG)

Adenium obesum: Desert rose (PL)

Aesculus sp.: horse chestnut, buckeye (HG)

Aesculus hippocastanum: common horse chestnut (SS)

Agonis sp. (HG)

Agonis flexuos: Australian willow-myrtle (RAB)

Albizia sp. (HG)

Albizia julibrissin: silk tree, mimosa (PL) (HGMB) (KM)

Alnus sp.: alder (HG)

Alnus cordata: Italian alder (SS)

Alnus tenuifolia: mountain alder (HGMB)

Amelanchier alnifolia :Western serviceberry (RAB)

Amalchier arborea (also called A. canadensis): shadbush, downy serviceberry, sarvistree, juneberry, sarviceberry (RAB)

Amelanchier asiatica: Japanese juneberry (IB pic. only #4, 1995, p. 32)

Amelanchier canandensis (also called A. arborea): shadbush, downy serviceberry, sarvistree, juneberry, sarviceberry (RAB)

Amelanchier x grandiflora: apple serviceberry (TS)

Amelanchier laevis: Allegheny serviceberry (TS)

Amelanchier lamarckii: snowy mespilus (HT)

Amelanchier stolonifera: running serviceberry (TS)

Ampelopsis (IRS)

Ampelopsis brevipendunculata: wild grape, porcelain vine (KM)

Andromeda sp. (HG)

Andromeda japonica (also called pieris japonica): pieris (HT)

Andromeda polifolia: bog rosemary (HT)

Annona sp. (HG)

Annona cherimola: cherimoya, chirimoya (PL p.76)

Annona muricata: soupsop, guanabana (PL p.76)

Aralia sp. (HG)

Aralia blacky (IRS)

Aralia castor (also called Dizygotheca castor) (IRS)

Aralia elegantissima (also called Dizygotheca elegantissima) (IRS)

Araucaria sp. (HG)

Araucaria araucana: monkey puzzle tree (RAB)

Araucaria excelsa (also called araucaria heterophylla): Norfolk Island pine (IRS) (PL) (HGMB)

Araucaria heterophylla (also called a. excelsa): Norfolk Island pine (IRS) (PL) (HGMB)

Arbutus sp.: madrone (HG)

Arbutus menziesii 'Pursh' (RAB)

Arbutus unedo: strawberry tree (SS)

Arctostaphylos sp. (HG)

Arctostaphylos uva ursi cvs: Kinnickinnich, Manzanita (RAB)

Ardisia sp. (HG)

Ardisia crenata: coralberry, spiceberry, spear flower (PL) (HGMB)

Argyranthemum frutescens (also called Chrysanthemum frutescens): marguerite, Paris daisy (PL)

Aronia arbutifolia: red chokeberry (KM)

Arundinaria: bamboo (HT)

Arundinaria disticha: dwarf fern-leaf bamboo (HGMB)

Arundinaria marmorea: dwarf black bamboo (HGMB)

Arundinaria nitidia: bamboo (HT)

Arundinaria pygmaea: dwarf bamboo (HT)

Aucuba sp. (HG)

Averrhoa sp. (HG)

Averrhoa carambola: carambola (PL p.76)

Azadirachta indica: neem tree, pride of India (RAB)

Azara sp. (HG)

Bambusa glauscens (also called bambusa multiplex ):bamboo, hedge bamboo (IRS) (PL) (HGMB)

Bambusa multiplex (also called bambusa glauscens):bamboo, hedge bamboo (IRS) (PL) (HGMB)

Bambusa ventricosa: Buddha's belly (IRS)

Beaucarnea sp. (HG)

Beaucarnea recurvata: pony-tail palm (RAB)

Benzoin aestivale (also called Lindera benzoin): spicebush (RAB)

Berberis sp.: barberry (HG) (GO)

Berberis atropurpureum (IRS)

Berberis aurea: barbery (HGMB)

Berberis buxifolia: barberry (HT)

Berberis candidula: paleleaf barberry (TS)

Berberis chenaultii: Chenault barberry (TS)

Berberis darwinii: barberry (IRS) (HT)

Berberis haematocarpa: red barbery (TS)

Berberis julianae: wintergreen barberry (TS)

Berberis koreana: Korean barberry (TS)

Berberis x mentorensis: Mentor barberry (TS)

Berberis stenophyllas (GO)

Berberis thunbergii: barberry, Japanese barberry (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Berberis thunbergii 'Atropurpurea' (RAB)

Berberis thunbergii 'Aurea'(RAB)

Berberis thunbergii 'Bagatelle': dwarf purple barberry (HT)

Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' (RAB)

Berberis thunbergii 'Kobold' (RAB)

Berberis verruculosa: warty barberry (IRS)

Berberis vulgaris: European barberry (TS)

Berchemia racemasa: Supplejack, Berchemia (IB #4, 1986 p.4)

Betula sp.: birch (HG)

Betula alleghaniensis: Yellow birch (SBR)

Betula lenta: Black birch, Sweet birch, Cherry birch (SBR)

Betula maximowicziana: monarch birch (TS)

Betula nana: dwarf birch, dwarf Arctic birch (HT) (HGMB)

Betula papyrifera: Canoe birch, White birch, Paper birch (SBR)

Betula pendula (also called betula verrucosa): European white birch, silver birch (IRS) (SS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Betula pendula 'Fastigata': pyramidal white birch (HGMB)

Betula pendula 'Lanciniata': cutleaf weeping birch (HGMB)

Betula pendula 'Purpurea': purple birch (HGMB)

Betula pendula 'Trost's Dwarf': Trost's dwarf birch (HGMB)

Betula platyphylla Japonica: Japanese white birch (SBR) (HGMB)

Betula populifolia: Gray birch (SBR)

Betula pubescens: smooth birch (the infamous 'glasbjork') (RAB) (GO)

Betula verrucosa (also called betula pendula): European white birch, silver birch (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Bougainvillea sp.: paper flower (HG)

Bougainvillea brazilinensis: 'Pink Pixie' bougainvillea (RAB)

Bougainvillea buttiana: bougainvillea (HT)

Bougainvillea buttiana 'Golden Glow': Golden Glow bougainvillea (SBR)

Bougainvillea buttiana 'Louis Wathen': Louis Wathen bougainvillea (SBR)

Bougainvillea buttiana 'Mrs. Butt': Mrs. Butt bougainvillea (SBR)

Bougainvillea buttiana 'Orange King': orange king bougainvillea (HT)

Bougainvillea glabra: paper flower, lesser bougainvillea (SS) (JA) (PL) (SBR) (HGMB)

Bougainvillea glabra 'Magnifica': bougainvillea (HT)

Bougainvillea glabra 'Snow White': white bougainvillea (HT)

Bougainvillea peruviana: bougainvillea (SBR)

Bougainvillea spectabilis (IRS)

Bribotrya sp. (HG)

Bucida sp. (HG)

Bucida buceras: Bahama black olive (RAB)

Bucida spinosa: spiny black olive, dwarf spiny black olive (PL) (HGMB)

Buddleia diverisfolia (also called nicodemia diversifolia): butterfly bush (PL)

Bursera sp. (HG)

Bursera simaruba: West Indian birch, gumbo-limbo, gum elemi (PL) (HGMB)

Buxifolia severinia nana: box orange (RAB)

Buxus sp.: box, boxwood (HG) (GO)

Buxus harlandii: Harland box, box (SS) (AL) (IRS) (JA) (PL)

Buxus microphylla: Japanese box (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Buxus microphylla 'Compacta': dwarf boxwood, Kingsvile box (HGMB) (GO)

Buxus microphylla 'Koreana': Korean boxwood (HGMB)

Buxus microphylla 'Morris Midget': Morris Midget boxwood (HGMB)

Buxus sempervirens: common box, English box (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Buxux sinicio: box (IRS)

Calliandra sp.: powderpuff (HGMB)

Calliandra haematocephala (PL)

Callicarpa formosana: Formosan buckthorn (AL)

Callistemon: bottlebrush (PL)

Calluna vulgaris: heather (HT)

Calluna vulgaris 'County Wicklow': County Wicklow heather (HT)

Calluna vulgaris'Foxii Nana': dwarf heather (HT)

Calocedrus sp. (HG)

Calocedrus decurrens: California incense cedar (HGMB)

Camellia sp. (HG)

Camellia cuspidata (JA)

Camellia japonica: camellia, common camellia (SS) (IRS) (PL) (HT) (SBR)

Camellia maliflora (JA)

Camellia reticulata (IRS) (HT) (SBR)

Camellia sasanqua: Sasanqua camellia (IRS) (JA) (HT) (HGMB)

Camellia sinensis: tea, tea plant, tea bush (HGMB) (KM)

Camellia taliensis (JA)

Camellia tsaii (JA)

Camellia vernalis: Vernalis camellia (HGMB)

Caragana arborescens: Chinese pea tree, Siberian pea tree (IRS) (HT)

Caragana arborescens cv.pendula: weeping Siberian peashrub (RAB)

Caragana chamlagu (also called caragana sinica): Mongolian redshrub (IRS) (HT)

Caragana sinica (also called caragana chamlagu): Mongolian redshrub (IRS) (HT)

Carissa sp. (HG)

Carissa grandiflora: Natal plum (IB pic. only #1, 1994, p.38)

Carissa macrocarpa: Natal plum, Christ's thorn (PL) (HGMB)

Carmona sp. (HG)

Carmona microphylla (also called Ehretia buxifolia): Fukien tea, Philippine tea (JA) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Carpinus sp.: hornbeam, ironwood (HT) (SBR) (HG) (GO)

Carpinus americana (also called C.caroliniana): American hornbeam, blue beech, water beech (HGMB)

Carpinus betulus: hornbeam, European hornbeam, European ironwood (SS) (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Carpinus caroliniana (also called C. americana): American hornbeam, blue beech, water beech (HGMB)

Carpinus coreana: Korean hornbeam (RAB)

Carpinus japonica: Japanese hornbeam, Japanese carpinus (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (KM)

Carpinus laxiflora: Japanese hornbeam, Japanese loose-flowered hornbeam, Loose-flowered hornbeam (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (KM) (GO)

Carpinus tschonoskii: Yedoensis hornbeam, Yeddo hornbeam (SBR)

Carpinus turkzaninowii: Korean hornbeam, Turkish hornbeam (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Cassia sp. (HG)

Cassia fistula: Golden-shower Indian laburnum (PL p.76)

Cassia marilandica: wild senna, cassia (PL) (HGMB)

Castanea sp.: chestnut (HT) (HG)

Castanea sativa: sweet chestnut (SS)

Casuarina sp.: beefwood (HG)

Casuarina equisetifolia: horsetail beefwood, horsetail tree (AL) (PL)

Ceanothus sp. (HG)

Cedrus sp.: cedar (HG) (GO)

Cedrus atlantica: Atlantic cedar, Atlas cedar (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Cedrus atlantica glauca: blue Atlas cedar (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Cedrus brevifolia: Cyprus cedar, Cyprian cedar (IRS) (HT) (HGMB)

Cedrus deodara: Deodar cedar, Indian cedar (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Cedrus libani: cedar of Lebanon (SS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Cedrus libani 'Nana': dwarf cedar of Lebanon (HGMB)

Celastrus orbiculatus: Oriental bittersweet (HT)

Celtis sp.: hackberry (HG)

Celtis australis: southern nettle-tree (SS) (IRS)

Celtis formosana: Formosan hackberry (AL)

Celtis laevigata: sugar hackberry (TS)

Celtis occidentalis: common hackberry (TS)

Celtis sinesis: Chinese nettle-tree, hackberry, Chinese hackberry, Japanese hackberry (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Cephalanthus occidentalis: common buttonbrush (TS)

Cephalotaxus sp. (HG)

Ceratonia sp.: St. John's tree (HG)

Ceratonia siliqua: carob tree (RAB)

Cercidiphyllum sp.: katsura tree (HG)

Cercidiphyllum japonicum: Katsura tree, Japanese Judas Tree (HT) (KM)

Cercidium sp. (HG)

Cercis sp.: redbud (HG)

Cercis canadensis: American redbud, Eastern redbud (HT)

Cercis chinensis: Chinese redbud (HGMB)

Cercis silquastrum: Judas tree, red bud (SS) (HT)

Cercocarpus sp. (HG)

Cercocarpus ledifolius: curl-leaf mountain mahogany (HGMB)

Cestrum sp. (HG)

Chaenomeles sp.: flowering quince (HG) (GO)

Chaenomeles 'Cameo' (RAB)

Chaenomeles cathayensis: flowering quince (SBR)

Chaenomeles 'Hime' (RAB)

Chaenomeles 'Iwai Nishiki' (RAB)

Chaenomeles 'Kurokoji' (RAB)

Chaenomeles lagenaria (also called Chaenomeles speciosa): flowering quince (AL) (IRS) (SS) (HT)

Chaenomeles japonica (also called C.maulei): Maul's flowering quince, Japanese flowering quince, Japanese quince (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM)

Chaenomeles japonica 'Chojubai': Chojubai quince (HT)

Chaenomeles maulei (also called japonica): Japanese flowering quince, Maul's flowering quince, Japanese quince (AL) (IRS)

Chaenomeles 'Orange Delight' (RAB)

Chaenomeles 'O Yashima' (RAB)

Chaenomeles sinensis (also called Pseudocydonia sinensis): Chinese quince (IRS) (HT) (KM)

Chaenomeles speciosa (also called C. lagenaria): flowering quince (SS) (HT) (AL) (IRS)

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Nivalis': white flowering quince (HT) (GO)

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Rosea Plena'

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Toyo Nishiki': Japanese flowering quince (KM)

Chaenomeles x superba (IRS)

Chaenomeles x superba (japonica x speciosa): flowering quince hybrids (HT)

Chaenomeles x superba 'Corallina': flowering quince (SBR)

Chaenomeles x superba 'Crimson and Gold': flowering quince (HT)

Chaenomeles x superba 'Etna': flowering quince (HT)

Chaenomeles x superba 'Incendie': flowering quince (HT)

Chaenomeles x superba 'Pink Lady': flowering quince (HT)

Chamaecyparis sp.: false cypress (HG) (GO)

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana: Lawson cypress, Port Orford cedar (SBR)

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Ellwoodii Improved': Ellwood cypress (HG) (GO)

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Minima Aurea' (RAB)

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Minima Glauca': dwarf blue cypress (HG)

Chamaecyparis nootkatensi: Nootka cypress (TS)

Chamaecyparis obtusa: Hinoki cypress (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Filicoides': fernspray cypress (HGMB)

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kamaeni Hiba' (RAB)

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Kosteri': Koster cypress (HGMB)

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana': dwarf Hinoki cypress, dwarf Japanese false cypress (HGMB)

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Gracilis': Hinoki cypress (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Yatsubusa': Hinoki cypress (SS) (IRS) (HT)

Chamaecyparis pendula (RAB)

Chamaecyparis pisifera: Sawara cypress (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Boulevard' (sometimes incorrectly called Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Cyano Veridis'): Boulevard cypress, blue moss cypress (HT)

Chamaecyparis pisifera compacta 'white' (RAB)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Filifera': threadbranch cypress (HGMB)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Aurea': Sawara cypress (PL)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa': Sawara cypress (PL) (HT)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Snow': Sawara cypress (SBR)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'squarrosa': Sawara cypress (PL)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Tsukumo' (RAB)

Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Andelyensis Conica': Andelyensis Conica cypress, Andelyensis white cedar (HGMB)

Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Heatherbun' (RAB)

Chamaedorea sp. (HG)

Chamaedorea elegans: Neanthe bella (RAB)

Chamaerops sp. (HG)

Chionanthus sp.: fringetree (HG)

Chionanthus retusus: Hitotsubatago, fringe tree (KM)

Chionanthus virginicus: flowering ash, white fringetree (TS)

Chrysanthemum frutescens (also called argyranthemum frutescens): marguerite, white marguerite, Paris daisy (PL) (HGMB)

Chrysanthemum morifolium: florist's chrysanthemum mum (HGMB)

Cibotium sp. (HG)

Cinnamomum sp. (HG)

Cinnamomum camphora: camphor tree (PL) (HGMB)

Citroforttunella mitis: calamondin (TS)

Citrus sp. (JA) (HG) (KM)

Citrus aurantiifola: lime (PL p.76)

Citrus canariculata: 'Chrysanthemum citrus' (IB pic. only #3, 1995, p. 41)

Citrus limon: lemon (PL p.76)

Citrus medica var. dactylifera: Buddha's hand citron, ethrog (RAB)

Citrus microcarpa: citrus tree (HGMB)

Citrus sinesis: sweet orange (PL p.76)

Citrus trifoliata (Poncirus trifoliata): trifoliate orange (TS) (RAB)

Citrus trifoliata (Poncirus trifoliata) 'Flying Dragon' (RAB)

Cladrastis lutea: American yellowwood (TS)

Clematis montana: anemone clematis (HGMB)

Cleyera sp. (HG)

Cleyera japonica (also called Eurya ochnacea, Eurya japonica and Ternstroemia japonica):Japanese elderberry (PL) (HGMB)

Coccoloba uvifera: sea grape (TS)

Coffea sp. (HG)

Coffee arabica: Arabian coffee bush (PL) (HGMB)

Coffee robusta: Robusta coffee bush (PL) (HGMB)

Comarostaphylus sp. (HG)

Conocarpus erectus: buttonwood (TS)

Conocarpus erectus var.sericea: silver buttonwood (RAB)

Cordyline (IRS)

Cornus sp.: dogwood (HG) (GO)

Cornus alba (RAB)

Cornus florida: flowering dogwood (SBR)

Cornus kousa: Kousa dogwood, Japanese dogwood, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Cornus mas: Cornelian cherry, sorbet (HGMB) (GO)

Cornus officinalis: Japanese Cornelian cherry, Japanese cornel (HT)

Cornus sanguinea: bloodtwig dogwood (TS)

Cornus sericea: Redosier dogwood (TS)

Corokia sp. (HG)

Corokia cotoneaster: corokia, New Zealand Net Bush (HGMB)

Corylopsis avellana 'Contorta': Harry Lauder's Walking Stick (HGMB)

Corylopsis pauciflora: buttercup winter hazel (HT)

Corylopsis spicata: spiked winter hazel (HT)

Corylus americana: American filbert (TS)

Corylus avellana: hazel, European hazel (SS) (HT)

Corylus colurna: Turkish filbert (TS)

Corylus heterophylla: Japanese hazel (HT)

Corylus maxima: purple filbert (TS)

Corylus maxima purpurea: giant purple filbert (TS)

Cotinus coggygria (also called Rhus cotinus): smoke tree, smokebush (SS) (HT)

Cotinus obovatus: American smoketree (TS)

Cotoneaster sp. (HG) (GO)

Cotoneaster adpressa: cotoneaster (HT)

Cotoneaster apiculata: cranberry cotoneaster (IB (Pics. only #3, 1995 p. 40; #1, 1994, p. 37)

Cotoneaster congesta: cotoneaster, congested cotoneaster (HT) (HGMB)

Cotoneaster conspicuus decorus (HT)

Cotoneaster dammeri: Skogholm cotoneaster (TS)

Cotoneaster divaricatus: spreading cotoneaster (TS)

Cotoneaster horizontalis: rockspray cotoneaster (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Cotoneaster horizontalis 'Variegatus': varigated rockspray (HT)

Cotoneaster integerrima: common cotoneaster (IRS)

Cotoneaster lucida: hedge cotoneaster (TS)

Cotoneaster microphylla (IRS) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Cotoneaster microphyllus 'Cochleatus': dwarf creeping cotoneaster (PL) (HGMB)

Cotoneaster microphyllus 'Thymifolius': thyme-leaf cotoneaster (SBR) (HGMB)

Cotoneaster multiflorus: many-flowered cotoneaster (TS)

Cotoneaster 'Skogholm' (HT)

Cotoneaster simmonsii: cotoneaster (HT)

Crassula arborescens: jade tree, jade plant, money tree (IRS) (JA) (HT)

Crassula arborescens minor: silver-dollar (PL)

Crassula argentea 'Crosby's dwarf': dwarf jade, jade tree, dollar plant, cauliflower ears, Chinese rubber plant (HGMB)

Crassula sarcocaulis (PL) (HT)

Crassula tetragona: succulent pine, miniature pine tree, Chinese pine (HGMB)

Crataegus sp.: hawthorn, thorn apple (HG) (GO)

Crataegus ambigua: Russian hawthorn, Russian thorn apple (HGMB)

Crataegus crus-galli: cockspur thorn (GO)

Crataegus cuneata: hawthorn, ornamental thorn, Japanese hawthorn (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Crataegus douglassii: black hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus laevigata: double-flowered hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus x lavallei: Lavelle hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus marshalli: parsley-leaved hawthorn (RAB)

Crataegus mollis: downy hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus monogyna: common hawthorn, one-seed hawthorne (HT) (GO)

Crataegus nitida: glossy hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus oxycantha : English hawthorn (HT) (GO)

Crataegus oxycantha 'Paul's scarlet': double red-flowering hawthorn, Paul's scarlet thorn (HT)

Crataegus phaenopyrum: Washington hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus punctata: dotted hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus sanguinea: redhaw hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus succulenta: fleshy hawthorn (TS)

Crataegus viridis: Winter King hawthorn (TS)

Cryptocarya sp. (HG)

Cryptomeria sp. (HG) (GO)

Cryptomeria japonica: Japanese red cedar, Japanese cedar (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Bandai-sugi': conical cryptomeria (HGMB)

Cryptomeria japonica :Jundai-sugi': globular cryptomeria (HGMB)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Pygmaea': dwarf cryptomeria (HGMB)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Tansu': Japanese cedar, Tansu cryptomeria (HGMB)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Tokyo' (GO)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Viminalis' (GO)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Yatsubusa': Japanese red cedar (HT) (GO)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Zuisho' (GO)

Cunninghamia lanceolata :common China-fir (TS)

Cuphea sp. (HG)

Cuphea hyssopifolia: false heather, Japanese myrtle, elfin herb Hawaiian heather, Mexican heather (PL) (HGMB)

Cupressocyparis sp. (HG)

Cupressus sp.: cypress (HG)

Cupressus arizonica: Arizona cypress (IB pic. only #3, 1995, p.37)

Cupressus bakeri: Baker cypress, Moedoc cypress (RAB)

Cupressus forbesii: tecate cypress (HGMB)

Cupressus macrocarpa: Monterey cypress (HGMB)

Cupressus macrocarpa 'Gold Crest': Monterey cypress (PL) (SBR)

Cupressus sempervirens: Italian cypress, Mediterranean cypress (SS)

Cycas sp. (HG)

Cycas revoluta: Japanese sago palm (SS) (IRS) (JA) (HT)

Cydonia oblonga: quince, common quince (SS) (HT)

Cyphomandra betacea: tree tomato, tomato tree (PL p.76)

Cytisus sp.: broom (HG)

Cytisus racemosus: broom, cytisus (PL) (HGMB)

Daphne sp. (HG)

Daphne burkwoodii: daphne, burkwood daphne (HT)

Daphne odora: daphne, winter daphne

Delonix sp.: dwarf poinciana (TS)

Deutzia crenata: deutzia (KM)

Deutzia gracilis: deutzia, slender deutzia (HT)

Deutzia scabra: deutzia, fuzzy deutzia (HT)

Deutzia scabra 'Azaleiflora': deutzia (HT)

Deutzia scabra 'Nikko': deutzia (HT)

Deutzia scabra 'Plena': deutzia (HT)

Dianthus carthusianorum: carnation, pink (SS)

Diospyros kaki: Chinese persimmon, kaki (SS) (HT)

Diospyros kaki var. sylvestris: persimmon (KM)

Diospyros rhodocalyx: persimmon, date plum (PL)

Dizygotheca castor (also called aralia castor) (IRS)

Dizygotheca elegantissima (also called aralia elegantissima) (IRS)

Dracaena marginata (IRS)

Durio zibethinus: durian (PL p.76)

Ehretia sp. (GO)

Ehretia buxifolia (also called carmona microphylla): Fukien tea, Philippine tea (JA) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Ehretia dicksonii (GO)

Ehretia microphilla [same as microphylla?]: carmona (SS)

Ehretia microphylla: Fukien tea (AL) (IRS)

Ehretia thrysiflora (GO)

Eleagnus sp. (HG)

Eleagnus angustifolia: Russian olive (TS)

Eleagnus multiflora: oleaster, gumi (SS) (HT)

Eleagnus multiflora var. hortensis cv. 'Gigantea': oleaster (KM)

Eleaagnus oldhamii: Oldham eleagnus (AL)

Eleagnus pungens: thorny eleagnus (HT)

Enkianthus campanulatus: redvein enkianthus (IRS) (HT)

Enkianthus cernuus rubens: red enkianthus

Enkianthus perrulatus: white enkianthus (IRS) (HT)

Enterolobium cyclocarpum: tree ear (TS)

Erica sp.: heath (HG)

Eriobotrya japonica: loquat, Japanese plum (PL p.76)

Escallonia 'Apple Blossom': escallonia (HT)

Eucalyptus citriodora: lemon scented gum (PL)

Eucalyptus ficifolia: red-flowering gum (PL)

Eucalyptus gunnii: cider gum (PL)

Eucalyptus rhodantha: rose mallee (PL)

Eugenia sp. (JA) (HG)

Eugenia brasiliensis: Brazil cherry (PL) (HGMB)

Eugenia myrtifolia (also called syzygium paniculatum): Australian brush cherry (PL)

Eugenia myrtifolia (also called syzygium paniculatum) 'Teenie Geenie': Teenie Genie cherry (RAB)

Eugenia uniflora: Surinam cherry, Brazil cherry, pitanga (PL) (SBR)

Euonymus alatus: winged spindle, burning bush, corkbush, winged euonymus, (SS) (HT)

Euonymus alatus form. ciliatodentatus: ko-mayumi, spindle tree (KM)

Euonymus bungeana: winterberry euonymus (TS)

Euonymus europaeus: European spindle-tree (HT)

Euonymus fortunei: wintercreeper euonymus (TS)

Euonymus japonica 'variegata': Japanese spindle tree, evergreen euonymus (PL)

Euonymus kiautschovica: spreading euonymus (TS)

Euonymus sieboldianus: Japanese spindle tree (HT) (KM)

Euonymus sieboldianus cv. 'Fastigiatus': tachi-mayumi, spindle tree (KM)

Euphorbia balsamiphera: milkweed (SS) (PL)

Euphorbia decaryl (HG p.114)

Eurya sp. (HG)

Eurya emarginata 'Microphylla': Japanese fern tree (HGMB)

Eurya japonica (also called Eurya ochnacea, Cleyera japonica and Ternstroemia japonica) :Japanese elderberry (PL) (HGMB)

Eurya ochnacea (also called Eurya japonica, Cleyera japonica and Ternstroemia japonica) :Japanese elderberry (PL) (HGMB)

Euscaphis japonica: gonzui (KM)

Fagus sp.: beech (HG) (GO)

Fagus crenata: Japanese blume, Japanese white beech, Siebold's beech (SS) (HT) (SBR) (KM) (GO)

Fagus grandifolia: American beech (TS)

Fagus japonica: Japanese black beech (HT)

Fagus sieboldii (IRS)

Fagus sylvatica: European beech, common beech (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Fagus sylvatica 'Asplenifolia': cut-leaf beech (HGMB)

Fagus sylvatica 'Atropurpurea' ('Atropunicea'): copper beech (HGMB) (GO)

Fagus sylvatica heterophylla: fern-leaved beech (HT)

Fagus sylvatica 'Lanciniata': laceleafbeech, fern-leaf beech, cut-leaf beech (HGMB)

Fagus sylvatica pendula: weeping beech (IRS)

Fagus sylvatica purpurea: purple beech (IRS)

Fagus sylvatica 'Riversii': purple beech (HT)

Fagus sylvatica 'Rohanii': purple fern-leaved beech, oak leaf beech (HT) (HGMB)

Fagus sylvatica 'Spathiana': purple beech (HGMB)

Fagus sylvatica 'Tricolor': tricolor beech (HGMB)

Fagus sylvatica 'Zlatia': golden beech (HGMB)

Feroniella lucida (PL)

Ficus sp.: fig (HG) (GO)

Ficus altissima: lofty fig (TS)

Ficus aurea: Florida fig (TS)

Ficus benjamina: weeping fig, Benjamin tree (SS) (IRS) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Ficus buxifolia (PL)

Ficus carica: common fig, fig tree (SS) (IRS) (PL) (GO)

Ficus erecta: inu-biwa (KM)

Ficus macrophylla: Moreton Bay fig, Australian banyan (HT)

Ficus microcarpa: banyan (AL) (PL) (GO)

Ficus natalensis: Natal fig tree (PL)

Ficus neriifolia: fig, willow-leaf ficus (SS) (PL)

Ficus platypoda: Australian fig (HT)

Ficus pumila: creeping fig (HT)

Ficus religiosa: bo tree , peepful fig (SS) (PL)

Ficus retusa: fig, banyan fig, Indian laurel (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Ficus retusa formosanum (IRS)

Ficus rubiginosa: Port Jackson fig, rusty leaved fig (HT)

Ficus salicifolia: willow-leaf fig (GO)

Ficus virens: spotted fig (PL)

Forsythia sp.: golden bells (HG)

Forsythia intermedia: forsythia, border forsythia, golden bells (HT) (SBR)

Forsythia intermedia 'Minigold': dwarf forsythia (HT)

Forsythia ovata 'Tetragold': dwarf forsythia, early forsythia (HT)

Forsythia suspensa (SBR)

Forsythia viridissima: Shina forsythia (KM)

Fortunella hindsii: kumquat, dwarf orange (PL) (HT)

Fothergilla gardenii: fothergilla (KM)

Fraxinus sp.: ash (HG)

Fraxinus americana: white ash (TS)

Fraxinus angustifolia: narrowleaf ash (TS)

Fraxinus chinensis: Chinese ash (SS)

Fraxinus excelsior: common ash, European ash (HT)

Fraxinus holotricha: Moraine ash (TS)

Fraxinus ornus: manna ash, flowering ash (SS)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica: green ash (TS)

Fraxinus quadrangulata: blue ash (TS)

Fraxinus uhdei: evergreen ash (PL)

Fuchsia sp.: lady's ear drops, ballerina tree (JA) (HG)

Fuchsia x bacillaris (microphylla x thymifolia): fuchsia (HT)

Fuchsia encilandra (RAB)

Fuchsia 'Lady Thumb': Lady Thumb fuchsia (HT)

Fuchsia magellanica (RAB)

Fuchsia magellanica 'Macrostema': gracilis fuchsia, hardy fuchsia (HGMB)

Fuchsia microphylla: fuchsia (HT)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Dark Eyes' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Display' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Eric Walters' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Island Sunset' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Isis' (RAB) (HGMB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Lana' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Marinka' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Red Jacket' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Sacramento Bells' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Serenade' (RAB)

Fuchsia microphylla 'Swingtime' (RAB)

Fuchsia minutiflora:fuchsia (PL)

Fuchsia pumila: dwarf fuchsia (HT)

Fuchsia 'Tom Thumb': Tom Thumb fuchsia (HT)

Gardinia sp. (HG)

Gardenia jasminoides: gardenia, Cape jasmine (IRS) (JA) (PL) (SBR)

Gardenia jasminoides radicans: gardinia, dwarf gardinia (HT) (SBR)

Ginkgo sp.: maidenhair tree (HG) (GO)

Ginkgo biloba: maidenhair tree (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM)

Ginkgo biloba 'Chichi Icho' (GO)

Gleditsia triacanthos: honeylocust, common honey locust (HT)

Gmelina hystrix: hedgehog bush (PL)

Grevillea robusta: silk oak (TS)

Grevillea rosmarinifolia: Rosemary tree (PL) (HGMB)

Grewia cafera: Star of David (RAB)

Grewia occidentalis: lavender star flower, Star of David, crossberry (RAB)

Guaiacum sp. (HG)

Guaiacum officinale: lignum-vitae, pockwood tree (PL) (HGMB)

Gymnocladus sp. (HG)

Gymnocladus dioica: Kentucky coffee tree (TS)

Haematoxilon(toxylum?) brasiletto: Palo de tinta, huchagogo (RAB)

Haematoxylum campechianum: logwood (PL)

Hamamelis japonica: Japanese witch hazel (HT)

Hamamelis mollis: Chinese witch hazel (HT) (HGMB)

Hamamelis vernalis: vernal witch-hazel (TS)

Hamamelis virginia: witch hazel (RAB)

Hedera sp.: ivy (HG)

Hedera helix: English ivy (PL) (HT) (HGMB)

Hedera helix 'Hahnii' (SBR)

Hedera rhombea: Japanese ivy, ivy (SBR) (KM)

Hibiscus sp.: rose-mallow (HG)

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis: rose of China, rose mallow, Chinese hibiscus blacking plant, China rose, Hawaiian hibiscus (JA) (PL) (HGMB)

Hibiscus syriacus: Rose of Sharon, althea (RAB)

Hibiscus tiliaceus: mahoe (PL)

Holarrhena antidysenterica (also called wrightia) (SS) (PL) (HGMB)

Hydrangea involucrata: tama-ajisai (KM)

Hydrangea macrophylla var. acuminata: Shichidanka, hydrangea (KM)

Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii: amacha, hydrangea (KM)

Hypericum calycinum: Aaronsb St. Johnswort (TS)

Hypericum frondosum: sunburst St. Johnswort (TS)

Hypericum prolificum: shrubby St. Johnswort (TS)

Hypericum patulum: hidcote St. Johnswort (TS)

Idesia polycarpa: iigiri (KM)

Ilex sp.: holly (HG)

Ilex aquifolium: common holly, English holly, European holly (IRS)

Ilex asprella (PL)

Ilex attenuata: Foster's holly (TS)

Ilex carnuta 'Rotunda': dwarf Chinese holly (TS)

Ilex crenata: Japanese holly, box-leafed holly (IRS) (PL) (HT) (SBR)

Ilex crenata 'Convexa': Japanese holly (HT)

Ilex crenata 'Mariesii': Japanese holly, dwarf Japanese holly, dwarf box-leaved holly (PL) (HGMB)

Ilex crenata 'Stokes': Japanese holly (HT)

Ilex decidua: possomhaw (TS)

Ilex dimorphophylla: Korean holly, Okinawan holly (RAB) (HGMB)

Ilex glabra: inkberry (TS)

Ilex meserveae: blue holly (TS)

Ilex opaca: American holly (TS)

Ilex pernyi: Perny holly (SBR)

Iles serrata: Japanese winterberry, ume-modoki (SBR) (KM)

Ilex serrata 'Leucocarpa: white-beried Japanese deciduous holly (HT)

Ilex serrata sieboldii: deciduous holly (IRS) (HT)

Ilex serrata 'Subtilis' ('Koshobai'): Japanese deciduous holly (HT)

Ilex serratya: finetooth holly (TS)

Ilex verticillata: black alder (TS)

Ilex vomitoria: Yaupon holly (SBR)

Intergrifolia sp. (listed as Macadamia): Macadamia nut tree (HG)

Itea virginica: Virginia willow, Virginia sweetspire (KM)

Ixora sp. (HG)

Ixora javanica: jungle geranium (PL) HGMB)

Jacaranda caerulea: green ebony (SBR)

Jacaranda mimosifolia (also called j. ovalifolia): jacaranda (SS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (SBR)

Jacaranda ovalifolia (also called j. mimosifolia): jacaranda (SS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (SBR)

Jasminum floridum: Showy jasmine (SBR)

Jasminum nudiflorum: winter jasmine, winter flowering jasmine (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR)

Jasminum officinale: common white jasmine, poet's jessamine (HT)

Jasminum parkeri: Dwarf jasmine, Himalayan bonsai (RAB)

Jasminum x stephanense (SBR)

Juniperus sp.: juniper (HG) (GO)

Juniperus californica: Californian juniper (JA) (GO)

Juniperus chinensis (also called Juniperus sinensis): Chinese juniper (SS) (IRS) (SBR) (GO)

Juniperus chinensis 'Blaauw': blue Shimpaku, blue juniper (HGMB) (GO)

Juniperus chinensis 'Parsonii': prostrate juniper (HGMB)

Juniperus chinensis 'Procumbens Nana': Japanese green mound juniper (HGMB)

Juniperus chinensis 'San Jose' (GO)

Juniperus chinensis 'Sargenti' (also sinensis): Sargent's juniper, Chinese juniper, Shimpaku (AL) (IRS) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Juniperus chinensis 'Skyrocket': Skyrocket juniper (HGMB)

Juniperus chinensis 'Torulosa': Hollywood juniper (HGMB)

Juniperus communis: needle juniper, common juniper (HT) (GO)

Juniperus communis 'Compressa': dwarf columnar juniper (HGMB)

Juniperus conferta: Shore juniper (SBR)

Juniperus foemina: Needle juniper (RAB)

Juniperus horizontalis: Creeping juniper (SBR)

Juniperius x media 'Blaauw': Chinese juniper (HT)

Juniperus occidentalis: Western juniper (RAB)

Juniperus Pftizer aurea: Pfitzer juniper (RAB)

Juniperus procumbens: creeping juniper (HT) (SBR)

Juniperus recurva (GO)

Juniperus rigida: needle juniper, temple juniper (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (KM) (GO)

Juniperus sabina: Savin juniper (HT) (GO)

Juniperus sabina horizontalis: Creping juniper, spreading juniper (SBR)

Juniperus sargentii (same as sinensis/chinensis?): Chinese juniper, Sargent's juniper (SS) (HT)

Juniperus scopulorum: Western red cedar, Rocky Mountain juniper, Colorado red cedar (SBR)

Juniperus sinensis (also callen chinensis) (same as sargentii?): Chinese juniper (SS) (IRS)

Juniperus sinensis 'Aurea': Chinese juniper (IRS)

Juniperus sinensis 'Japonica': Chinese juniper (IRS)

Juniperus sinensis 'Pyramidalis': Chinese juniper (IRS)

Juniperus sinensis 'Stricta': Chinese juniper (IRS)

Juniperus sinensis 'Sargentii' (also called chinensis): Chinese juniper, Sargent's juniper, Shimpaku (SS) (IRS) (HGMB)

Juniperus squamata 'Meyeri': blue juniper

Juniperus virginiana: Eastern red cedar (RAB) (GO)

Kadsura japonica: scarlet kadsura, binan-kazura, good-looking-man vine (HT) (KM)

Kalmia sp. (HG)

Kalmia pohlifolia (RAB)

Laburnum sp.: bean tree (HG)

Laburnum alpinum: Scotch laburnum, golden rain tree (HT)

Laburnum anagyroides: common laburnum or golden chain tree (HT)

Lagerstroemia sp. (HG)

Lagerstroemia indica: crape myrtle, Chinese crape myrtle (SS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (KM)

Lagerstroemia indica 'Alba': white crape myrtle (HT)

Lagerstroemia indica 'Amabilia': purple crape myrtle (HT)

Lagerstroemia spiceosa: Queen's crape myrtle (TS)

Lantana camara: yellow sage (PL)

Larix sp.: larch (HG) (GO)

Larix decidua: European Larch (SS) (IRS) (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Larix decidua 'Diane': contorted larch (HGMB)

Larix x eurolepis (decidua x kaempferi): Dunkeld larch (HT)

Larix kaempferi (also called L. leptolepis): Japanese larch (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Larix laricina: American larch, tamarack (HT) (IB pics. only #1, 1994, p. 38; #4, 1986, p. 26)

Larix leptolepis (also called Larix kaempferi): Japanese larch (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Larix sibirica: Siberian larch (RAB)

Laurus sp.: laurel (HG)

Lavandula sp. (HG)

Leptospermum sp. (HG)

Leptospermum attenuatum: tea tree (RAB)

Leptospermum flavens: tea tree (RAB)

Leptospermum flavescens: tea tree (RAB)

Leptospermum humifusum (RAB)

Leptospermum laevigatum: Australian tea tree (RAB)

Leptospermum myrtaceae: Australian tea tree (RAB)

Leptospermum petersonii: tea tree (RAB)

Leptospermum scoparium: New Zealand tea tree, Manuka, tea tree, Australian myrtle (PL) (SBR) (HGMB)

Lespedeza bicolor: Japanese bush clover, shrub bush clover (IRS) (HT)

Lespedeza cyrtobotrya: bush clover (SBR)

Lespedeza japonica (SBR)

Lespedeza thunbergii: Thunberg bush clover (IRS)

Leucothoe sp. (HG)

Litchi chinensis: litchi, leechee (PL p.76)

Ligustrum sp.: privet (HG)

Ligustrum amurense: Amur privet (TS)

Ligustrum lucidum: glossy privet (SS) (PL)

Ligustrum ovalifolium: oval-leaf privet (HT)

Ligustrum japonicum: Japanese privet, wax-leaf privet (HGMB)

Ligustrum japonicum rotundifolium: wax leaf privet (PL)

Ligustrum obtusifolium: border privet (TS)

Ligustrum sinense: Japanese privet (SS)

Ligustrum x vicari: golden privet (TS)

Ligustrum vulgare: common privet, European privet (HT)

Lindera benzoin (also called Benzoin aestivale): spicebush (RAB)

Lindera glauca: yamakobashi (KM)

Liquidambar sp. (HG)

Liquidambar feomina: sweetgum (RAB)

Liquidambar formosana: liquidambar (SS)

Liquidambar orientalis: Oriental liquidambar (RAB)

Liquidambar styraciflua: sweet gum (HT)

Lisiloma bahamenis: wild tamarind (TS)

Lithocarpus sp. (HG)

Lonicera sp.: honeysuckle (HT) (GO)

Lonicera gracilipes: Japanese honeysuckle (KM)

Lonicera japonica: Japanese honeysuckle (HT) (KM)

Lonicera morowii: honeysuckle (HT)

Lonicera nitida: dwarf honeysuckle, box honeysuckle, Chinese honeysuckle (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Lonicera nitida 'Baggesen's Gold' (GO)

Lonicera pileata (GO)

Luma sp. (HG)

Luma apiculata (RAB)

Lycium barbarum: matrimony vine, Chinese wolfberry (RAB)

Maba buxifolia: East Indian satinwood, Philippine ebony persimmon (SS) (AL)

Maclura pomifera: Osage orange, bodark (RAB)

Magnolia sp. (HG)

Magnolia parviflora (also called M. sieboldii): Oyama magnolia (HGMB)

Magnolia sieboldii (also called M. parviflora): Oyama magnolia (HGMB)

Magnolia stellata: star magnolia (HT)

Magnolia virginiana: sweetbay (RAB)

Malpighia coccigera: miniature holly, Singapore holly, Japanese

       holly (PL)

Malpighia glabra: Barbados cherry (RAB)

Malpighia penoulata: pink malpighia (RAB)

Malpighia punicifolia: Barbados cherry (TS)

Malus sp.:crabapple, apple (HG) (GO)

Malus x atrosanguinea: carmine crabapple (TS)

Malus baccata mandshurica (also called M. cerasifera): Manchurian crab apple, Siberian crab apple (IRS) (HT) (SBR)

Malus cerasifera (also called Malus baccata mandshurica): Manchurian crab apple, Siberian crab apple (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Malus coronaria: prarie crabapple (TS)

Malus 'Dorothea': yellow crab apple (HGMB)

Malus floribunda: Japanese crab apple, Showy crab apple, Japanese flowering crab apple, purple chokeberry (SBR) (HGMB)

Malus 'Golden Hornet': Golden Hornet crab apple (HT)

Malus halliana: Hall's crab apple, Suishi-kaido (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (KM) (GO)

Malus himekokoh (IRS)

Malus x 'Hime Ringo': Nagasaki crabapple (IB pics. only #1, 1994, pp. 15, 23, 24)

Malus hupehensis: tea crabapple (TS)

Malus 'Mary Potter': Mary crabbaple (TS)

Malus x micromalus: Kaido crab apple, Dwarf crab apple (SBR) (GO)

Malus 'Oekonomiera': pink crabapple (TS)

Malus 'Profusion': purple crab apple (HT)

Malus pumila: crab apple (SS) (SBR)

Malus x purpurea: Lemoine crabapple (TS)

Malus 'Radient': red crab apple (HGMB)

Malus 'Red Jade': weeping crab apple, Red Jade crabapple (HT)

Malus sargentii: Sargent's crab apple, dwarf crab apple (SBR)

Malus sieboldii (also called M toringo): Toringo crab apple, Zumi (IRS) (KM) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Malus 'Snowdrift': Snowdrift crabapple (TS)

Malus sylvestris: common crab apple (HT)

Malus transitoria: cut-leaf crab apple (SBR)

Malus toringo (also called Malus sieboldii): Toringo crab apple (IRS) (HT) (SBR)

Malus toringoides (GO)

Malus 'White Angel': white crabapple (TS)

Malus zumi 'Calocarpa': red crab apple (HGMB)

Manilkara bahamanansis (also called Achras emarginata, Mimusops emarginata): (RAB)

Manilkara zapota (Achras zapota): sapodilla, naseberry, dilly plant, nispero (PL p.76) (RAB)

Melia sp. (HG)

Melia azedarach: China Berry, China Tree, Pride of India (RAB)

Metasequoia sp.: dawn redwood (HG)

Metasequoia glyptostroboides: dawn redwood (HT)

Millettia japonica: Japanese millettia, natsu-fuji, summer wisteria (SS) (HT) (KM)

Millettia japonica 'Microphylla': dwarf wisteria (HT)

Millettia reticulata: Satsuma-sakko-fuji, evergreen wisteria (IRS) (KM)

Millettia reticulata var. stenophylla: Hosoba-sakko-fuji (KM)

Mimusops emarginata (also called Achras emarginata, Manilkara bahamanansis): (RAB)

Miscanthus sacchariflorus: Amur silver grass (SBR)

Miscanthus sinensis 'Yaku Jima': water grass (SBR)

Moltkia suffruticosa: Moltkia (KM)

Morus sp.: mulberry (HT) (HG)

Morus alba: white mulberry (SS) (IRS) (HT)

Murraya sp. (GO)

Murraya paniculata: orange jasmine, jasmine orange, satin wood, cosmetic bark tree (SS) (AL) (IRS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Myrciaria cauliflora: jaboticaba, myrtle (PL) (HG p.70)

Myrica sp. (HG)

Myrsine sp. (HG)

Myrsine africana: Cape myrtle, African boxwood (PL)

Myrtus sp.: myrtle (JA) (HG)

Myrtus apiculata: myrtle (HT)

Myrtus communis: common myrtle, myrtle (SS) (PL) (HT)

Myrtus communis 'Microphylla': dwarf myrtle, German myrtle, Polish myrtle (HGMB)

Nandina sp.: heavenly bamboo (HG) (GO)

Nandina domestica: heavenly bamboo, sacred bamboo (IRS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Nandina domestica purpurea (GO)

Nephelium lappaceum: rambutan (PL p.76)

Nicodemia sp. (HG)

Nicodemia diversifolia (also called buddleia diverisfolia): butterfly bush (PL) (HGMB)

Nothofagus sp. (HG)

Nothofagus antarctica: Antarctic beech (HT) (HGMB)

Northofagus cunninghamii: pelargonium, geranium beech, Antarctic beech (HGMB)

Northofagus obliqua: Roble beech (HT)

Northofagus procura: southern beech (HT)

Nyssa sp.: tupelo (HG)

Nyssa sylvatica: blackgum (RAB)

Ochna kirkii: bird's eye bush, Mickey Mouse plant (PL)

Ochna serrulata: bird's eye bush, Mickey Mouse plant (PL)

Olea sp.: olive (HG)

Olea 'Cailletier': small black olive (RAB)

Olea europaea: common olive, olive (SS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (SBR)

Olea europaea 'Montra': 'Little Ollie' olive, dwarf olive (RAB) (HGMB)

Olea europaea sp. oleaster: wild olive (SS)

Olea 'Picholine': green olive (RAB)

Olea 'Tanche': black olive (RAB)

Osmanthus sp. (HG)

Osmanthus delavayi: osmanthus (HT)

Osteomeles anthyllidifolia: isojansho (KM)

Ostrya carpinifolia: Hop hornbeam (SS)

Ostrya virginiana: ironwood, American hop hornbeam (RAB)

Oxydendrum sp.: sourwood, sorrel tree (HG)

Parrotia sp. (HG)

Parrotica persica: Persian beech (HGMB)

Parthenocissus tricuspidata: creeper, Boston ivy, Japanese ivy, woodbine (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (KM)

Pelargonium rhodanthum: geranium (PL)

Pemphis acidula: silver willow (PL)

Phillyrea angustifolia (SS)

Phylica sp. (HG)

Phylica ericoides (PL)

Phyllostachys aurea: golden bamboo, Buddha's belly bamboo (HT)

Phyllostachys nigra: black beauty, kurotake bamboo (HT) (KM)

Phoenix roebelenii: pygmy date palm, miniature date palm (HGMB)

Phylica ericoides: phylica (HGMB)

Physocarpus sp. (HG)

Picea sp.: spruce (HT) (HG) (GO)

Picea abies: Norway spruce (SS) (IRS) (HT)

Picea abies albertiana 'conica' (GO)

Picea abies 'Echiniformis': dwarf spruce (HT)

Picea abies 'Little Gem': dwarf spruce (HT) (GO)

Picea abies 'Maxwellii': Norway spruce, dwarf spruce (HT) (SBR)

Picea abies 'Mucronata': dwarf spruce (HGMB)

Picea abies 'Nidiformis': bird's nest spruce (HT)

Picea abies 'Pygmaea': pygmy Norway spruce (HGMB)

Picea abies 'Verigata': white spruce (HGMB)

Picea engelmannii: Blue Englemann spruce, dwarf Alberta spruce (SBR) (HGMB)

Picea glauca: white spruce (IRS) (SBR)

Picea glauca conica: white spruce (SS)

Picea glauca 'Albertina conica': Alberta spruce (HT)

Picea Glehnii: Sakhalin spruce, common Ezo spruce, Edo spruce, silver fir (HT) (SBR) (KM)

Picea Glehnii 'Yatsubusa': dwarf Saghalin spruce (HT)

Picea jezoensis: Yezo spruce, jezo spruce, Hondo spruce, Yeddo spruce (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Picea jezoensis hondoensis: Hondo spruce, (HT)

Picea mariana (also called Picea nigra): black spruce (IRS)

Picea mariana 'Nana': dwarf black spruce (HT) (GO)

Picea nigra (also called Picea mariana): black spruce (IRS)

Picea omorika: Serbian spruce (TS)

Picea orientalis: Oriental spruce, Caucasian spruce (IRS) (SBR)

Picea polita: spruce (KM)

Picea pungens: Colorado spruce, blue spruce (SBR)

Picea pungens 'River Road': blue spruce (HGMB)

Picea rubens: red spruce (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p. 39)

Picea sitchensis: Sitka spruce (GO)

Picea torana: tiger-tail spruce (SBR)

Pieris sp.: andromeda (HG)

Pieris formosa: Chinese andromeda (SBR)

Pieris japonica (also called andromeda japonica): pieris, Japanese andromeda (HT)

Pieris japonica 'Christmas Cheer'; Japanese andromeda (KM)

Pieris japonica 'Compacta': dwarf andromeda, dwarf lily-of-the- valley bush (HGMB)

Pinus sp.: pine (HG) (GO)

Pinus albicaulis: Whitebark pine (SBR) (HGMB)

Pinus aristata: Bristlecone pine (SBR) (HGMB)

Pinus balfouriana: foxtail pine (HGMB)

Pinus banksiana: Jack pine (RAB)

Pinus bungeana: lace-bark pine (HGMB)

Pinus cembra: Arolla pine, Swiss stone pine (SS) (IRS)

Pinus cembroides 'Monophylla': blue Pinon pine, Mexican stone pine (HGMB)

Pinus chinensis: Chinese pistachio (HGMB)

Pinus contorta: Shore pine (SBR)

Pinus contorta 'Murrayana': mountain lodgepole pine (HGMB)

Pinus densiflora: Japanese red pine (SS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera': Japanese umbrella pine, Tanyosho pine (HGMB)

Pinus echinata: shortleaf pine (RAB)

Pinus edulis: Pinon pine, nut pine, two-leaved nut pine (HGMB)

Pinus elliotti: slash pine (RAB)

Pinus flexalis: limber pine (HGMB)

Pinus halepensis: Aleppo pine, Jerusalem pine (JA) (PL) (HGMB)

Pinus koraiensis: Korean pine (SBR)

Pinus monophylla: one-needle pine, single-leaf Pinon pine, stone pine (HGMB)

Pinus monticola: Western white pine (HGMB)

Pinus mugo: mountain pine, Swiss mountain pine (SS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Pinus mugo 'Gnom': mountain pine, Swiss mountain pine (HT)

Pinus mugo 'Mops': mountain pine, Swiss mountain pine (HT)

Pinus mugo mugo: dwarf mugo pine (HGMB)

Pinus muricata: Bishop pine (SBR)

Pinus nigra: black pine, Austrian pine (SS) (IRS)

Pinus parviflora: Japanese white pine, five-needle pine (SS) (HT) (SBR) (KM) (GO)

Pinus parviflora 'Kokonoe': dwarf Japanese white pine (HT)

Pinus parviflora 'Miyajima': dwarf Japanese white pine (HT)

Pinus parviflora 'Nasamasume': Japanese white pine (HT)

Pinus parviflora 'Zuisho': (IB #4, 1986, p.16)

Pinus parviflora var. pentaphylla: Japanese white pine (IRS) (HT)

Pineus pinea: Italian stone pine (PL) (HGMB)

Pinus ponderosa: Western yellow pine, Ponderosa pine (IB #1, 1996, p. 36) (RAB)

Pinus pumilla: dwarf Siberian pine, creeping five-needle pine, dwarf stone pine (HT) (SBR)

Pinus radiata: Monterey pine (RAB)

Pinus resinosa: red pine (TS)

Pinus rigida: pitch pine (SBR)

Pinus strobus: Eastern white pine (RAB) (HGMB)

Pinus strobus 'Globosa': Globosa white pine (HGMB)

Pinus strobus 'Pendula': weeping white pine (HGMB)

Pinus sylvestris: Scots pine (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Pinus sylvestris 'Beuvronensis': dwarf Scots pine (HT)

Pinus sylvestris 'Nana': dwarf Scotch pine (HGMB)

Pinus sylvestris 'Watereri': Scots pine (HT)

Pinus taeda: loblolly pine (RAB)

Pinus thunbergii: Japanese black pine, black pine, Nishiki pine (SS) (AL) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Pinus thunbergii var. corticosa: Japanese brocade pine, cork-barked Japanese black pine (SS) (HT)

Pinus uncinata: mountain pine (IRS)

Pinus virginiana: Virginia pine, scrub pine (RAB)

Pinus wallichiana: Himalayan pine (TS)

Pistacia sp.: pistachio, mastic tree (HGMB)

Pistacia chinensis: Chinese pistachio (SS)

Pistacia lentiscus: mastic tree (SS) (PL)

Pistacia terebinthus: pistachio, Chian turpentine tree (JA)

Pistacia texana swingle: wild pistachio, American pistachio, Texas pistache (RAB)

Pithecellobium dulce: Manila tamarind (SS) (PL)

Pithecellobium flexicaule: Texas ebony (RAB)

Pithecellobium guadalupense: blackbead (RAB)

Pithecellobium unguis-cati: Cat's claw tree (RAB)

Pittosporum sp. (HG)

Pittosporum tenuifolium (RAB)

Pittosporum tobira: Japanese pittospora, Australian laurel, mock orange (PL) (HGMB)

Planera aquatica: Water elm (RAB)

Platanus sp.:planetree, sycamore (HG)

Plantanus x acerifolia: London plane tree (TS)

Platanus occidentalis: buttonwood, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree (HGMB)

Plantanus orientalis: Oriental plane tree (TS)

Platanus racemosa: California sycamore (RAB)

Platycladus sp. (HG)

Podocarpus sp. (GO)

Podocarpus alpinus (GO)

Podocarpus chinensis (also called p. macrophyllus): kusamaki, Buddhist pine, Chinese yew (IRS) (JA) (HT)

Podocarpus macrophyllus (also called p. chinensis): kusamaki, Buddhist pine, Chinese yew, bigleaf podocarps, swallow's tongue pine (IRS) (JA) (HT) (GO)

Podocarpus macrophyllus Maki (also called podocarpus sinensis): Southern yew (IRS) (PL)

Podocarpus nagi: Yellowwood (SS)

Podocarpus nivalis: Alpine yew (HGMB) (GO)

Poinciana flava: dwarf poinciana (RAB)

Polyscias sp. (HG)

Polyscias fruticosa: Ming aralia (IRS) (JA) (HG)

Poncirus trifoliata (Citrus trifoliata): trifoliate orange (TS) (RAB)

Poncirus trifoliata (Citrus trifoliata) 'Flying Dragon' (RAB)

Populus sp.: poplar, aspen (HG)

Populus alba: silver poplar (TS)

Populus augustifolia: narrowleaf cottonwood (RAB)

Populus deltoides: Eastern cottonwood, Eastern poplar (RAB) (TS)

Populus grandidentata: bigtooth aspen (TS)

Populus nigra 'Italica': Lombardy poplar (TS)

Populus tremula 'Erecta': European erect aspen (TS)

Populus tremuloides: quaking aspen, trembling aspen, quiverleaf (HGMB)

Portulacaria sp. (HG)

Portulacaria afra: elephant bush (SS) (PL)

Potentilla sp.: cinquefoil (HG)

Potentilla fruticosa: potentilla, shrubby cinquefoil, golden hardhack, widdy (SS) (HT) (HGMB)

Potentilla fruticosa 'Kobold': potentilla (HT)

Potentilla fruticosa 'Manchu': potentilla (HT)

Potentilla fruticosa 'Tangerine': potentilla (HT)

Premna microphylla: Japanese premna, musk maple (AL)

Prosopis sp. (HG)

Prunus sp. (HG) (GO)

Prunus angustifolia: Chickasaw plum (RAB)

Prunus apetala: Choji cherry (KM)

Prunus armenica: apricot (SS)

Prunus avium: wild cherry, gean, sweet cherry, mazzard (HT)

Prunus avium 'Plena': double gean, double-flowered mazzard (HT)

Prunus blireana: Double flowering purple plum (RAB)

Prunus campanulata: Formosa cherry, Taiwan cherry (SBR)

Prunus cerasifera: Myrobalan plum, cherry plum (HT) (SBR)

Prunus cerasifera 'Pissardii': purple-leaved plum (HT)

Prunus cistena: Dwarf flowering plum, dwarf flowering cherry, purple-leaf sand cherry (RAB) (HGMB)

Prunus communis dulcis: almond (IRS)

Prunus dulcis: almond (HT) (SBR)

Prunus glandulosa: Flowering almond (SBR)

Prunus 'Hally Jolivette': Hally Jolivette cherry, pink flowering cherry (HT) (HGMB)

Prunus incisa: Fuji cherry (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Prunus japonica: Japanese single bush cherry, Japanese plum (SBR)

Prunus lannesiana cv. 'Superba': Sato cherry (KM)

Prunus maackii: Amur chokecherry (TS)

Prunus mahaleb: St. Lucie cherry (SS) (HT)

Prunus mume: Japanese flowering apricot, flowering apricot (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Prunus padus: bird cherry (HT)

Prunus persica: peach (SS) (HT) (GO)

Prunus persica 'Alboplena': double-flowered peach (HT)

Prunus persica 'Klara Meyer': double-flowered peach (HT)

Prunus persica 'Russel's Red': double-flowered peach (HT)

Prunus pissardii: flowering cherry (GO)

Prunus pseudocerasus (SBR)

Prunus salicina: Japanese plum (HT) (SBR)

Prunus sargentii: Sargent cherry (TS)

Prunus serotina: black cherry (TS)

Prunus serrula: birch bark cherry (HGMB)

Prunus serrulata: flowering cherry, Japanese cherry, Oriental cherry, Japanese flowering cherry (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Prunus serrulata 'Hisakura': flowering cherry (HT)

Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan': flowering cherry (HT)

Prunus serrulata 'Kiku-shidare sakura': flowering cherry (HT)

Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae': flowering cherry (HT)

Prunus sinensis: bush cherry (GO)

Prunus spinosa: sloe (HT)

Prunus subhirtella: Higan cherry, rosebud cherry (SBR) (GO)

Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis': autumn cherry, Higan cherry (HT)

Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis rosea': pink autumn cherry (HT)

Prunus subhirtella 'Fukubana': pink spring cherry (HT)

Prunus subhirtella 'Pendula': weeping cherry

Prunus tenella: dwarf Russian almond (HT)

Prunus tormentosa: downy cherry, Korean bush-cherry, Nanking cherry, red fruit, Chinese bush fruit, Tormentosa cherry (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Prunus triloba: double flowering almond (SBR)

Prunus virginiana: chokecherry (HGMB)

Prunus yedoensis: Yedo flowering cherry, Yoshino cherry (RAB) (TS)

Pseudocydonia sinensis (also called chaenomeles sinensis): flowering quince, Chinese quince (SS) (HT) (KM)

Pseudolarix sp.: golden larch (HG)

Pseudolarix amabilis: golden larch (SS)

Pseudolarix kaempferi: Chinese larch, golden larch (IRS) (HGMB)

Pseudotsuga sp.: Douglas fir (HG)

Pseudotsuga menzieii: Douglas fir (TS)

Psidium sp. (HG)

Psidium cattleianum: strawberry guava (HGMB)

Psidium guajava: common guava (PL)

Punica sp. (HG) (GO)

Punica granatum: pomegranate (SS) (AL) (JA) (HT) (GO)

Punica granatum flavesens (GO)

Punica granatum form. multiplex: pomegranate (KM)

Punica granatum 'Nana': dwarf pomegranate (SS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Pyracantha sp.: firethorn (JA) (PL) (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Pyracantha angustifolia: Taiwan firethorn, firethorn, pyracantha, narrowleaf firethorn (AL) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (KM) (GO)

Pyracantha coccinea: firethorn, scarlet firethorn (SS) (HT) (SBR)

Pyracantha coccinea 'Teton': dwarf firethorn (HT)

Pyracantha fortuneana (SBR)

Pyracantha 'Red Elf': compact fire thorn (HGMB)

Pyrus sp.: pear (HG) (GO)

Pyrus kawakami: Evergreen pear (RAB) (HGMB)

Pyrus pyraster: wild pear (SS)

Pyrus salicifolia: willow-leaved pear (GO)

Pyrus salicifolia 'Pendula': willow-leaved pear (HGMB)

Pyrus serotina: sand pear (AL)

Pyrus simonii (GO)

Pyrus sinensis: sand pear (GO)

Pyrus ussuriensis: Harbin pear (RAB)

Quercus sp.: oak (HG) (GO)

Quercus aegylops: Valonia oak (RAB)

Quercus agrifolia: California live oak, coast live oak (SBR)

Quercus alba: sawtooth oak (TS)

Quercus bicolor: swamp white oak (TS)

Quercus cerris: turkey oak (HT) (GO)

Quercus chrysolepis: gold cup live oak, canyon live oak (RAB)

Quercus coccifera: holly oak (RAB)

Quercus coccinea: scarlet oak (RAB)

Quercus crenata: Turkey-cork, holm-cork oak (RAB)

Quercus dentata: Daimyo oak (SBR) (GO)

Quercus douglasii: Blue Oak (RAB)

Quercus dumosa: California scrub oak (HGMB)

Quercus falcata: Southern red oak (RAB)

Quercus glandulifera: Serrata oak, Japanese oak, Konara oak (SBR)

Quercus ilex: holly oak, holm oak (SS) (HGMB)

Quercus imbricaria: shingle oak (TS)

Quercus laurifolia: laurel oak (TS)

Quercus lobata: valley oak (RAB)

Quercus macrocarpa: burr oak, mossycup oak (TS)

Quercus marilandica: Blackjack oak (SBR)

Quercus muehlenbergii: Chinkapin oak (TS)

Quercus myrsinifolia: Bamboo-leaved oak, Japanese evergreen oak (SBR) (HGMB)

Quercus nigra: water oak (RAB)

Quercus occinea: scarlet oak (TS)

Quercus palustris: pin oak, Spanish oak, swamp oak (HT) (SBR)

Quercus petraea (also called Quercus sessiliflora): sessile oak, durmast oak (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Quercus phellos: willow oak (HGMB)

Quercus pubescens: downy oak (IRS)

Quercus robur: English oak, pendunculate oak (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Quercus rubra: red oak (TS)

Quercus sessiliflora (also called Quercus petraea): sessile oak, durmast oak (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Quercus stellata: post oak (RAB)

Quercus suber: cork oak (SS) (PL) (SBR) (HGMB)

Quercus trojana: Macedonian oak (RAB)

Quercus vaccinifolia: huckleberry oak (HGMB)

Quercus virginiana: live oak (TS)

Radermachera sinica: China Doll Plant (RAB)

Raphiolepis sp. (HG)

Raphiolepis indica: Indian hawthorn (PL) (HGMB)

Rhamnus sp.: buckthorn (HG)

Rhapis humilis (IRS)

Rhapis humilis excelsa: hemp palm, little lady palm (JA)

Rhododendron sp. (HG) (GO)

Rhododendron 'Blue Diamond'; lavender rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron 'Bow Bells': pink rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron degronianum (SBR)

Rhododendron fastigiatum: Chinese rhododendron (SBR)

Rhododendron flavidum: Amberbloom rhododendron (SBR)

Rhododendron 'Ginny Gee': pink to white rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron 'Hotel'; yellow rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron impeditum: Cloudland rhododendron (SBR) (IRS) (HG p.74) (GO)

Rhododendron indicum (also called R. lateritium): Satsuki azalea (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Rhododendron indicum 'Chinzan': Satsuki azalea (HT)

Rhododendron indicum 'Elkan': Satsuki azalea Sweet (AL)

Rhododendron indicum 'Hakurei': Satsuki azalea (HT)

Rhododendron indicum 'Kaho': Satsuki azalea (HT)

Rhododendron indicum 'Kanzan': Satsuki azalea (HT)

Rhododendron indicum 'Kinsai': Satsuki azalea (AL)

Rhododendron indicum 'Kogetsu': Satsuki azalea (AL)

Rhododendron indicum 'Kozan': Kozan azalea (IB #1, 1995 p. 5)

Rhododendron indicum 'Matsunami': Matsunami azalea (IB #1, 1995 p.5)

Rhododendron indicum 'Nyohozan': Nyohozan azalea (IB #1, 1995 p.5)

Rhododendron indicum 'Osakazuki': Osakazuki Satsuki azalea (IB pic. only #3, 1995, p. 41)

Rhododendron indicum 'Yata No Kagami': Yata No Kagami azalea (IB #1, 1995 p.5)

Rhododendron kaempferi: Torch azalea (SBR)

Rhododendron kiusianum: Kurume azalea, Kyushu azalea, Japanese rhododendron, dwarf azalea (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM)

Rhododendron lateritium (also called R. indicum) komei: Satzuki azalea (GO)

Rhododendron lateritium komei: Satzuki azalea (GO)

Rhododendron metterernichii: Leatherleaf rhododendron (SBR)

Rhododendron metterernichii var. yakushimanum: dwarf rhododendron (KM)

Rhododendron mucronatum: Ryukyu azalea (SBR)

Rhododendron mucronulatum: deciduous purple rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron myrtifolium: Myrtle rhododendron (SBR)

Rhododendron nakahari Hayata: Seven Star Mountain azalea (AL)

Rhododendron 'Nancy Evans': orange rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron obtusum: Japanese Kurume azalea, Hiryu azalea (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Hana A Sobe': Hana A Sobe azalea (IB pic. only

  1. 1, 1995 p.19)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Ima Shojo': Ima Shojo azalea (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p.19)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Kure No Yuki': Kure No Yuki azalea (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p.16)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Matsu Rika': Matsu Rika azalea (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p.15)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Takasago': Takasago azalea (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p.15)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Tokonatsu': Tokonatsu azalea (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p.14)

Rhododendron obtusum 'Wakaebisu': Wakaebisu azalea (IB pic. only #1, 1995 p.19)

Rhododendron pioneer (HG p.74)

Rhododendron racemosum: Mayflower rhododendron (SBR)

Rhododendron rupicola: Cliffplum rhodendron (SBR)

Rhododendron serpyllifolium: Unzen azalea, Wild thyme azalea (SBR)

Rhododendron simsii: Sim's azalea (PL)

Rhododendron tosaense: Japanese mountain azalea (IB #1, 1995, p. 31)

Rhododendron 'Trilby': red rhododendron (HGMB)

Rhododendron williamsianum (SBR)

Rhodohypoxix baurii: rhodohypoxis (HGMB)

Rhus cotinus (also called Cotinus coggygria): smoke tree (SS) (HT)

Rhus succedanea: sumac (KM)

Rhus typhina: sumac (RAB)

Ribes sp.: currant, gooseberry (HG)

Ribes sanguineum: flowering currant, winter currant (HT)

Ribes uva-crispa: gooseberry, English gooseberry (SS)

Robina pseudoacacia: false acacia, black locust (HT)

Rosa sp. (HG)

Rosa laevigata: Cherokee rose (KM)

Rosa rugosa: sweet briar (KM)

Rosa wichuraiana: terihano-ibara, wild rose (KM)

Rosmarinus sp. (HG)

Rosmarinus officinalis: Rosemary, wild rosemary (SS) (PL) (HGMB)

Sageretia Thea (also called sagaretia theezans): Theezan tea, Taiwan sageretia (SS) (AL) (IRS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (GO)

Salix sp.: willow (HT) (HG) (GO)

Salix alba: white willow (IRS) (GO)

Salix alba var. tristis: white willow (SS)

Salix babylonica: weeping willow, Babylon willow (IRS) (HT) (KM) (GO)

Salix caprea: goat willow (GO)

Salix gracilistyla var. melanostachys: Kuro-yanagi pussywillow (KM)

Salix helvetica: Swiss willow (HT)

Salix matsudana: contorted willow (TS)

Salix nigra: black willow (IRS)

Salix pentandra: laurel willow (TS)

Salix purpurea 'Nana': dwarf purple osier, dwarf Alaskan blue wilow, dwarf basket willow (SBR) (HGMB)

Salix sachalinensis 'Setsuka': Setsuka willow (HGMB)

Salix yezoalpina: dwarf willow (RAB)

Salvia sp. (HG)

Sambulus sp. (HG)

Sapium japonicum: shiraki, white tree (KM)

Sapium sebiferum: Chinese tallow tree, Chinaberry (RAB -- lots of controversy on this one! One person's weed is another's treasured bonsai!)

Sasa veitchii: dwarf varigated bamboo (HT)

Schefflera sp. (HG)

Schefflera actinopylla (also called schefflera brassaia actinophylla): brassaia, Queensland umbrella tree, umbrella tree (SS) (IRS) (JA) (HT)

Schefflera arboricola: heptapleurum, Hawaiian elf schefflera, umbrella tree (IRS) (PL) (HGMB)

Schefflera brassaia actinophylla (also called schefflera actinopylla): brassaia, Queensland umbrella tree, umbrella tree (SS) (IRS) (JA)

Sciadopitys verticillata: Japanese pine (TS)

Schinus sp. (HG)

Sciadopitys sp. (HG)

Scolopia chinensis (SS)

Semiarundinaria fastuosa: narihira bamboo (SS)

Sequoia sp.: redwood (HG)

Sequoia sempervirens: Californian redwood, costal redwood (HT) ( GO)

Sequoia sempervirens 'Prostata' (also called 'Nana Pendula') (GO)

Sequoiadendron giganteum (GO)

Sequoiadendron giganteum var. pygmaeum: dwarf sequoia, dwarf big tree, wellingtonia (SS) (HT) (GO)

Serissa sp. (HG) (GO)

Serissa crassiramea: Makino serissa (SBR)

Serissa foetida (also called S. japonica): tree of a thousand stars, snow rose (SS) (IRS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (HGMB) (GO)

Serissa foetida 'Chinese': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Flore Pleno': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Kyoto': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Kyoto variegated': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Mt. Fuji': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Pink Mountain': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Pink Princess': (RAB)

Serissa foetida rosea 'Ahiro Pink': (RAB)

Serissa foetida rosea 'Cherry Blossom': (RAB)

Serissa foetida rosea 'Pink Swan': (RAB)

Serissa foetida rosea 'Tancho': (RAB)

Serissa foetida variegata: tree of a thousand stars (HT)

Serissa foetida 'White Swan': (RAB)

Serissa foetida 'Yatsubusa': (RAB)

Serissa japonica (also called S. foetida): June snow (IRS) (GO)

Sophora sp.: pagoda tree (HG)

Sophora japonica: Japanese pagoda tree, Chinese scholar tree (HT)

Sophora prostrata (PL)

Sorbocotoneaster pozdnjakavii (RAB)

Sorbus sp.: mountain ash (HG)

Sorbus aucuparia: rowan, mountain-ash, European mountain-ash (HT)

Sorbus cashmiriana: Cashmiriana mountain-ash (HT)

Sorbus commixta: Korean mountain-ash (HT)

Sorbus 'Joseph Rock': Joseph Rock mountain-ash (HT)

sorbus matsumurana: mountain ash (KM)

Sorbus reducta: dwarf mountain ash (HGMB)

Sorbus tianshanica: Turkestan mountain ash (HGMB)

Spiraea japonica: Japanese spiraea, Mikado spiraea (SS) (IRS) (HT)

Spiraea prunifolia: bridalwreath spiraea (TS)

Spiraea thunbergii: spiraea (HT) (KM)

Stauntonia hexaphylla: stauntonia (KM)

Sterculia: Queensland bottle tree, Kurrajong (JA)

Stewartia grandiflora (also called s. pseudocamellia): stewartia, Japanese stewartia (HT) (SBR) (KM)

Stewartia monodelpha: stewartia (HT) (SBR) (KM)

Stewartia pseudocamellia (also called s. grandiflora): stewartia, Japanese stewartia (HT) (SBR) (KM)

Strongylodon macrobotrys: vine jade (RAB)

Styrax sp.: snowbell (HG)

Styrax japonica: Japanese snowball, snowbell, Japanese snowbell (JA) (HT) (HGMB)

Syringa sp.: lilac (HG)

Syringa koreana: Korean lilac (HGMB)

Syringa palibiniana/Dwarf Korean Lilac (RAB)

Syringa microphylla: dwarf lilac, littleleaf lilac (SS)

Syringa velutina: Korean lilac (HT)

Syringa vulgaris: common lilac (IRS)

Syzygium sp. (HG)

Syzygium paniculatum (also called eugenia myrtifolia): Australian brush cherry (PL)

Syzygium paniculatum (also called eugenia myrtifolia) 'Teenie Geenie': Teenie Geenie cherry (RAB)

Tamarindus indica: tamarind (SS) (JA) (PL)

Tamarix sp. (HG) (GO)

Tamarix africana (also called tamarix parviflora): small-flower tamarisk (SBR) (IB #1, 1996, p. 33)

Tamarix chinensis: tamarisk, juniper tamarisk (SS) (SBR) (GO)

Tamarix juniperina: tamarisk (HT) (GO)

Tamarix parviflora (also called Tamarix africana): small-flower tamarisk (SBR) (IB #1, 1996, p. 33)

Tamarix pentandra (GO)

Tamarix pentandra 'Rubra' (GO)

Tamarix ramoisissima: Odessa tamarisk (SBR)

Taxodium sp. (HG) (GO)

Taxodium ascendans (also called Taxodium distichum nutans): pond cypress (RAB) (GO)

Taxodium distichum: bald cypress, swamp cypress (SS) (PL) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Taxodium distichum mucronatum: Montezuma bald cypress (RAB)

Taxodium distichum nutans (also called Taxodium ascendans): pond cypress (RAB) (GO)

Taxodium mucronatum: Montezuma cypress (HGMB) (GO)

Taxus sp.: yew (HG) (GO)

Taxus baccata: English yew (SS) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Taxus brevifolia: Western yew, Pacific yew (SBR)

Taxus canadensis: Canadian yew (TS)

Taxus chinensis: Chinese yew (SBR)

Taxus cuspidata: Japanese yew (SS) (IRS) (HT) (GO)

Taxus cuspidata 'Nana': dwarf Japanese yew (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Taxus media (SBR)

Taxus media 'Brownii': Brown's yew

Ternstroemia japonica (also called Eurya japonica, Cleyera japonica and Eurya ochnacea) :Japanese elderberry (PL) (HGMB)

Thuja sp.: arborvitae (HG)

Thuja occidentalis: Eastern white cedar (IB #3, 1995 - a number of extensive articles in this issue)

Thuja occidentalis 'Little Giant'; Little Giant arborvitae (HGMB)

Thuja occidentalis 'Nana': dwarf arborvitae (HGMB)

Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold': Rheingold arborvitae (RAB)

Thuja orientalis: Oriental arborvita (AL)

Thymus serpyllum: thyme (HT)

Thymus vulgaris: Thyme (SS)

Tilia sp.: linden, basswood, lime tree (HG)

Tilia cordata: littleleaf linden, lime, small-leaved lime, small-leaved European linden (SS) (HT) (HGMB)

Tilia japonica: Japanese linden (KM)

Trachelospermum sp. (HG)

Trachelospermum asiaticum: Yellow star Confederate Jasmine, teika-kazura (SBR) (KM)

Trachelospermum jasminoides: star jasmine, Confederate jasmine (PL) (HGMB)

Trichodiadema bulbosum (HG p.115)

Triphasia trifolia: limeberry (PL)

Tsuga sp.: hemlock (HG) (GO)

Tsuga canadensis: Eastern hemlock, Canada hemlock, common hemlock, weeping hemlock (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Tsuga canadensis 'Curly': Curly Canadian hemlock

Tsuga canadensis 'Jedoloh': bird's nest tree (GO)

Tsuga canadensis var. minima: Eastern hemlock (SS)

Tsuga canadensis 'Pendula': dwarf hemlock, weeping canadian hemlock (HT) (HGMB)

Tsuga diversifolia: Japanese hemlock (SS) (SBR) (GO)

Tsuga heterophylla: Western hemlock (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Tsuga mertensiana: mountain hemlock (HG p.78)

Tsuga sieboldii: Japanese hemlock (SBR) (KM)

Ulmus sp.: elm (HG) (GO)

Ulmus alatus: Winged elm (RAB)

Ulmus americana: American elm (RAB) (TS)

Ulmus carpinifolia: smooth-leaved elm (SBR)

Ulmus crassifolia: Cedar elm (RAB)

Ulmus davidiana japonica (SBR)

Ulmus x elegantissima 'Jacqueline Hillier': Jacqueline Hillier elm (HT) (GO)

Ulmus glabra: wych elm, Scotch elm (HT)

Ulmus parvifolia (also called zelkova sinica): Chinese elm, Chinese zelkova (SS) (AL) (IRS) (JA) (PL) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB)

Ulmus parvifolia 'Catlin' (GO)

Ulmus parvifolia 'Hokkaido': Hokkaido elm (HT) (HGMB)

Ulmus parvifolia 'Seiju': Seiju elm (HGMB) (GO)

Ulmus parvifolia variegata: varigated Chinese elm (HT)

Ulmus procera: English elm (HT) (SBR) (GO)

Ulmus pumila: Siberian elm (TS)

Vaccinium sp.bilberry, blueberry, cranberry (HG)

Vaccinium corymbosum: highbush blueberry (RAB)

Vaccinium parvifolium: red huckleberry (RAB)

Viburnum sp. (HG)

Viburnum dilatatum (SBR)

Viburnum opulus 'Nanum': European dwarf cranberry bush, Guelder rose, Whitten tree (SBR)

Vitex agnus-castus: chaste tree, monk's pepper tree (PL)

Vitex negundo (SS)

Vitis vinifera: grape vine (HT)

Vitus thunbergi: Japanese grape (IB pic. only #4, 1995, p. 33)

Weigela sp. (HG)

Weigela florida: weigela (HT) (SBR)

Weigela praecox: early rose (SBR)

Wisteria sp. (HG) (GO)

Wisteria floribunda: Japanese wisteria (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Wisteria floribunda 'Macrobotrys' (GO)

Wisteria macrostachya: Kentucky wisteria (SBR)

Wisteria sinensis: Chinese wisteria, sweet wisteria (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (GO)

Wisteria venusta: Silky wisteria (SBR)

Wrightia sp. (HG)

Wrightia (also called holarrhena antidysenterica) (SS) (PL) (HGMB)

Zelkova sp. (HG) (GO)

Zelkova abelicea (IRS)

Zelkova carpinifolia: Caucasian elm (SS) (IRS)

Zelkova serrata: Zelkova, grey bark elm, Japanese grey bark elm, Japanese elm, Keaki, sawleaf zelkova, Japanese zelkova (SS) (AL) (IRS) (HT) (SBR) (HGMB) (KM) (GO)

Zelkova serrata variegata: varigated Japanese gray-barked elm (HT)

Zelkova serrata 'Yatsubusa': dwarf zelkova (HT)

Zelkova serrata 'Yatsubusa' variegata: varigated dwarf zelkova (HT)

Zelkova sinica (also called ulmus parvifolia): Chinese elm, Chinese zelkova (SS) (AL) (IRS) (JA) (PL) (HT)

Ziziphus sp.: jujube, Chinese date (HG)

Ziziphus jujuba: Chinese date, common jujube, Chinese jujube (HGMB)

A short list of possible accent plants:

Most any plant which is small enough and will take to pot culture can be used as an accent plant. It may, however, be helpful to know some of the plants which have been traditionally used for this purpose. This list is in a very rudimentary state, but I will continue to add to it as I have the main listing.

Acorus gramineus pusillus 'Minima': dwarf sweet flag (IB #1, 1996, p. 24)

Adenophora takedae: iwashajin, ladybells (KM)

Aeginetia indica: broomrape (KM)

Aizoaceae sp. (HG)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: kinikinic (RAB)

Arenaria sp. (RAB)

Arenaria balearica (RAB)

Arenaria caespitosa (RAB)

Armeria sp. (RAB)

Artemesia sp.: silvermound (IB pic. only #1, 1996, p.24)

Arundo formosana: dwarf rush, Taiwan-ogi, Taiwan reed (KM) (IB pic. only #1, 1996, p.22)

Asparagus plumosa: asparagus fern (HG. p118)

Aster ageratoides (KM)

Berberis stenophylla (RAB)

Bolax glebaria (RAB)

Briza maxima: quaking grass (KM)

Campanula sp. : bellflower (RAB)

Campanula garganica: (IB #1, 1996, p.22)

Campanula punctata: bellflower (KM)

Campanula pusilla (RAB)

Carex sp.: Shotaiso, sedge (IB #1, 1996, p.23) (KM)

Convallaria majalis: lily of the valley (KM)

Cotula squalida (RAB)

Davallia fejeenis: rabbit's-foot fern (HG p.119)

Dendrobium moniliforme: dendrobium (KM)

Dianthis sp. (RAB)

Dianthus plumarius: cottage pink (KM)

Dionaea muscipula: Venus fly-trap (HGMB)

Dionaea muscipula 'Sandersonii' (HG p.113)

Draba sp. (RAB)

Draba sibirica (RAB)

Drymoglossum microphyllum: bean fern (IB pic. only #1, 1996, p.24)

Echeveria sp. (HG)

Epilobium phyrricholophum: akabana (KM)

Equisetum sp. (HG)

Equisetum fluviatile: water horsetail (KM)

Equisetum hyemale: scouring rush (KM)

Equisetum palustre: field horsetail (KM)

Equisetum scirpoides: horsetail (IB #1, 1996, p.24)

Erinus alpinus (RAB)

Erodium sp.: Heron's bills (RAB)

Erodium corsicum: (RAB)

Geranium nepalense var. thunbergii: cranesbill (KM)

Globularia nana (RAB)

Globularia repens (RAB)

Gypsophila aretioides (RAB)

Gypsophila cerastioides (RAB)

Gypsophila repens: creeping baby's breath (RAB)

Gypsophila tenuifolia (RAB)

Habenaria radiata: fringed orchid (KM)

Hakonechloa var. aureola: fuchiso (KM)

Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola'; Japanese forest grass (HGMB)

Helxine solierolii: corsica (RAB)

Herniaria sp. (RAB)

Herniaria glabra: (IB #1, 1996, p.22)

Hosta sp.: Welsh onion flower (KM)

Houstonia caerula: bluets (IB #1, 1996, p.22)

Houstonia serpyllifolia: Quaker ladies (RAB)

Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra': Japanese blood grass (HGMB)

Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron': blood grass (IB pic. only #1, 1996, p.24)

Iris sanguinea: blue flag (KM)

Ixeris dentata: Nigana, bitter green (KM)

Juncus sp.: rush (IB #1, 1996, p.23)

Juncuc effusis gracilis: himei (KM)

Lilium auratum: gold-banded lily (KM)

Lobelia erinus: lobelia, sapphire (HG p.73)

Lobularia maritima: sweet alyssum, pink heather (HG p.73)

Lysimachia minutissima (RAB)

Mazus reptans: (IB #1, 1996, p.22)

Mentha requienii: Corsican mint (RAB)

Miscanthus sinesis form. gracillimus cv. 'Yakushima susuki': eulalia (KM)

Narcissus asturiensis 'Minimus': dwarf daffodil (HGMB)

Narcissus 'Triandrus': angel's tears daffodil

Nymphaea tetragona var. helvora: water lily (KM)

Oxalis oregana: redwood sorrel (HG p.120)

Oxalis violacea: (RAB)

Ophiopogon japonica: mondo grass (HG. p122)

Ophiopogon japonica 'Gyoko Ryu': dwarf mondo (IB #1, 1996, p.24)

Origanum vulgare: oregano (KM)

Osmunda cinnamomea var. fokiensis: Yamadori-shida, osmunda (KM)

Paronychia sp. (RAB)

Pennisetum alopecuroides: chikara-shiba (KM)

Persicaria chinensis: tsurusoba, knotweed (KM)

Phalaris arundinacea : Kusayoshi (KM)

Phalaris arundinacea var. picta: Shima-kusayoshi (KM)

Phragmites communis: Seiko reed (IB pic. only #1, 1996, p.23)

Phylox sp. (RAB)

Pilea microphylla: artillery plant (RAB)

Plantago asiatica: broad-leaved plantain (KM)

Platycodon grandiflorum: Chinese bellflower (KM)

Polygonum filiforme: mizuhiki (KM)

Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina: self-heal (KM)

Raoulia sp. (RAB)

Raoulia australis (RAB)

Raoulia glabra (RAB)

Rumex acetosella: sheep sorrel (KM)

Saginia sp.(RAB)

Saginia subulata aurea: golden Scotch moss (RAB)

Sasa sp.: dwarf bamboo (IB pic. only #1, 1996, p.23)

Sasa albo-marginata: kogumazasa, kumazasa (KM)

Saxifraga sp. (RAB)

Saxifraga michauxii: saxifrage (RAB)

Saxifraga stolonifera: creeping saxifrage (KM)

Scleranthus sp. (RAB)

Scutellaria indica: skullcap (KM)

Sedum sp. (RAB)

Sedum humifusum (RAB)

Selaginella sp.: (RAB)

Sempervivum sp. (RAB)

Silene sp. (RAB)

Sisyrhynchium sp.: blue-eyed grass (RAB)

Spiranthes sinensis: (RAB)

Spiranthes sinensis var. amoena: ladies' tresses (KM)

Tagetes erecta: marigold (HG p.73)

Tanacetum sp. :tansy (RAB)

Thymus serpyllum: thyme (RAB)

Tricyrtis macranthopsis: kii-joro toad lily (KM)

Tricyrtis perfoliata: kibannotsuki toad lily (KM)

Veronica repens (RAB)

Viola japonica: violet (KM)

Viola labradorica: Labrador violet (RAB)

Viola verecunda 'Yakushima': dwarf violet (IB #1, 1996, p.22)